The 1st of May is a bit of a mixed day. Officially the UK has the early May bank holiday the 1st of May (or closest Monday) . In most countries it is worker’s day and traditionally in Northern Europe it is May day. In the UK it is deliberately not called either May Day or Worker’s Day to avoid any issues.
In 1886 many Chicago workers went on strike to demand an 8-hour work day, after a few days a bomb was detonated and a firearm fight started. In the end 8 workers died while defending their rights.
In 1904 the International Socialist Congress declared that “all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries [are] to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace” and that it was “mandatory upon the proletarian organisations of all countries to stop work on 1 May, wherever it is possible without injury to the workers”. Most countries now have an unmovable bank holiday on May 1st.
May day was the traditional day when Spring’s arrival was celebrated. In most Celtic cultures it is called Beltane, and it is still celebrated today. In the UK it’s still common to find celebrations particularly in countryside areas of Ireland and Scotland. It is a celebration of life waking up after Winter.
The most common celebrations include:
May 1st and early May bank holiday in London
For International Worker’s day there are usually demonstrations by the anti-capitalist movement in all large cities of the UK. This year, there’s going to be a rally in Central London during the morning starting at Farringdon and ending at Trafalgar Square. So try to avoid those areas as they will get crowded. There have been some issues with the police in the past, but in recent years it has been peaceful.
As for May Day celebrations, you’re better off leaving the capital and going to surrounding towns and cities. Most large towns in Kent have traditional May Day celebrations (some highlights include Medway, Maidstone and Hastings), as do Oxford and Cambridge. If you have the time and money, Scotland is the best place to go.
Another event that takes place around this day is May day run, when motorcycles drive all the way from London to Hastings. This year it will be a 3-day celebration taking place on the 5th, 6th and 7th of May to celebrate 40 years of the run with plenty of events for bike fans.